The city of Guimarães was the birthplace of Portugal. Recognised as an independent nation in 1143, it is one of the oldest countries in Europe. After the country's mainland frontiers became settled in 1249, the monarchy ventured out overseas reaching Africa, India and Brazil, "giving new worlds to the world".
In 1820, Portugal became a constitutional monarchy and in 1910 was declared a Republic. A military dictatorship led to the “Estado Novo” in 1933. The "Carnation Revolution" restored democracy on the 25th of April 1974. To this day, Carnations remain a symbol of liberty.
In the aftermath, São Tomé e Príncipe, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and Cape Verde became independent nations, with whom friendship ties grew stronger, together with Brazil and East Timor, through the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP).